Assessment the Specific Yield Optimal Value and Groundwater Recharge Estimate of Unconfined Aquifer on Golgir plain, Khuzestan Province

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Earth Sciences Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Professor, Earth Sciences Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran


The water table fluctuation (WTF) method is based on rises of a water table are caused by recharging groundwater. To apply this method, an appropriate estimate of the specific yield in the zone of the groundwater level fluctuation is required. In this paper, the specific yield are estimated these methods include Drilling Well Logs (DWL), Envelope Straight Line (ESL) and Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) method. To evaluate and choosing the best method, specific yields value by hydrologic and hydrogeological data during eight years (2006 to 2013) of Golgir plain with correlation coefficient between recharge-rainfall and recharge-baseflow in ESL method respectively was obtained r2=0.79 and r2=0.90. Also, attention to appropriate correlation coefficient in ESL method the specific yield optimized amount equal 0.12 for Golgir plain estimated. The coefficient correlation obtained from the relation between recharge groundwater value, base flow, and rainfall by using DWL, ESL and VES methods indicated that ESL method with r2=90 is the best method to estimate the specific yield. Hence, attention to importance of recharge value in planning and management of groundwater and high affection of specific yield value in WTF method, groundwater recharge estimation by using specific yield optimal value help to the water science researchers.


1-                  Sophocleous M. Groundwater recharge estimation and regionalization: the Great Bend Prairie of central Kansas and its recharge statistics. Journal of Hydrology. 1992; 137(1):113-140.
2-                  Pour Mohamadi S, Dastoorani MT, Jafari H, Rahimian MH, Goodarzi M, Masmarian Z, et al. Hamedan Tuyserkan groundwater balance analysis by using MODFLOW mathematical models. Journal of Ecohydrology. 2016; 2(4):371-382. [Persian].
3-                  Jie Z, van Heyden J, Bendel D, Barthel R. Combination of soil-water balance models and water-table fluctuation methods for evaluation and improvement of groundwater recharge calculations. Hydrogeology Journal. 2011; 19(8):1487-1502.
4-                  Ghobadian R, Bahrami Z, Dabagh Bagheri S. Applied management scenario to predict fluctuations in groundwater levels with MODFLOW conceptual and mathematical models (Case Study: Khazal-Nahavand plain). Journal of Ecohydrology. 2016; 3(3):303-319. [Persian].
5-                  Risser DW, Conger RW, Ulrich JE, Asmussen MP. Estimates of ground-water recharge based on streamflow-hydrograph methods: Pennsylvania (No. 2005-1333); 2005.
6-                  Scanlon BR, Healy RW, Cook PG. Choosing appropriate techniques for quantifying groundwater recharge. Hydrogeology Journal. 2002; 10(1):18-39.
7-                  Healy RW, Cook PG. Using groundwater levels to estimate recharge. Hydrogeology journal. 2002; 10(1):91-109.
8-                  Rabinowitz DD, Gross GW, Holmes CR. Environmental tritium as a hydrometeorologic tool in the Roswell basin, New Mexico, I. Tritium input function and precipitation-recharge relation. Journal of Hydrology. 1977; 32(1-2):3-17.
9-                  Crosbie RS, Binning P, Kalma JD. A time series approach to inferring groundwater recharge using the water table fluctuation method. Water Resources Research. 2005; 41(1), Issue 1.
10-              Mohammadi Z.Using geostatistical methods to estimate the spatial distribution of hydraulic conductivity in the Golgir plain and the results of a mathematical model. Khuzestan Department of Water and Power; 2012. [Persian].
11-              Darvishzadeh A. Geology of Iran, Danesh-E-Emrouz pub., Teheran; 1991. [Persian].
12-              Khuzestan Department of Water and Power. Studies on recognition of groundwater in Golgir plain region. Ahwaz. Iran; 2005. [Persian].
13-              Chitsazan M, Orang M. Modeling and groundwater resource management with an emphasis on feasibility and impact subsurface dams in Golgir plain. groundwater master's thesis. Faucolty of earth science and GIS. Shahid Chamran university; 2103. [Persian].
14-              Healy RW. Estimating groundwater recharge. 1st ed. New York. Cambridge University Press; 2010.
15-              Freeze RA, Cherry JA. Groundwater Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs. 1st ed. New Jersey: the University of Michigan; 1979.
16-              Neuman SP. On methods of determining specific yield. Ground Water. 1987; 25(6):679-684.
17-              King FH, Slichter CS. Principles and conditions of the movements of ground water. Washington, D.C, Govt: Prtg. Off; 1899.
18-              Johnson AI. Specific yield: compilation of specific yields for various materials. US Government Printing Office. California. Department of Water Resources; 1967.
19-              Manghi F, Mortazavi B, Crother C, Hamdi MR. Estimating regional groundwater recharge using a hydrological budget method. Water resources management. 2009; 23(12):2475-2489.
20-              Varni M, Comas R, Weinzettel P, Dietrich S. Application of the water table fluctuation method to characterize groundwater recharge in the Pampa plain, Argentina. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 2013; 58:7, 1445-1455.
21-              McWhorter DB, Sunada DK. Ground-water hydrology and hydraulics. 1st ed. Colorado. Water Resources Publication; 1977.
22-              Chen, J, Hubbard S, Rubin Y. Estimating the hydraulic conductivity at the South Oyster Site from geophysical tomographic data using Bayesian techniques based on the normal linear regression model. Water Resources Research. 2001; 37(6):1603-1613.
23-              Mazáč O, Kelly WE, Landa I. A hydrogeophysical model for relations between electrical and hydraulic properties of aquifers. Journal of Hydrology. 1985; 79(1):1-19.
24-              Torabi H, Dehghani R. The trend analysis of Cham Anjir basin change slightly by using non-parametric tests. Journal of Ecohydrology. 2016; 3(3):415-425. [Persian].
25-              Ashrafzadeh A, Aghajani M. Specific yield estimation in without statistic by using runoff regional analysis. Journal of Ecohydrology. 2017; 4(2):331-343. [Persian].
26-              Archie GE. The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Transactions of the AIME. 1942; 146(01):54-62.
27-              Koefoed O, Patra HP, Mallick K. Geosounding principles. Elsevier Science & Technology; 1979.
Volume 4, Issue 4
January 2018
Pages 969-981
  • Receive Date: 29 January 2017
  • Revise Date: 14 May 2017
  • Accept Date: 21 May 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2017
  • Publish Date: 22 December 2017