Study the Potential Uptake of Heavy Metals by Aquatic Plants in Dez River

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Fisheries, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Environmental engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran


In order to evaluate the Phragmites australis, Myriophyllum spicatum and Potamogeton perfoliatus aquatic plant species as an indicator organism of heavy metals pollution in bio-monitoring studies of the aquatic ecosystems, the aim of this study was to determine the levels of heavy metals accumulation Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd in sediments, roots, stems and leaves of these plants in north and south of two stations of Dez River. 3 samples of surface sediment (to 10 cm depth) with 700 g weight of each station by plastic tools were collected and sampling was carried out of each different organ of plants. Results showed the highest and lowest of metals were measured in sediment Zn (270± 55.33 ppm) to (240.33± 50.22 ppm) and Cd (1.10± 0.09 to 1.60± 0.06 ppm), respectively. The concentrations of heavy metals in sediments and plants poses the same trends: Zn> Cu> Pb> Cd. The highest of Zn by Ph. australis in root (300.45± 60.22 ppm), M. spicatum in stem (104.43± 20.66 ppm) and P. perfoliatus in leaves (122.35± 21.44 ppm) were showed. According to results, three plants were showed potential for heavy metals and for each metal selectivity and could use for environmental monitoring.


Main Subjects

[1]. Afrous, A. and Lyaghat, M., 2011. Evaluation potential of aquatic plants in absorption and reduction of level of Ag of industerial waste water: Dezful city. Wetland Ecobiology, 3:49-57.
[2]. Cheraghi, M., Dadallahi, A., Safahieh, A.R., Ghanemi, K and Doraghi, A., 2012. Study accumulation of heavy metals in sediments, leaves and roots of (Avicennia marina) in Khuzestan Province, Khoramshahr Marine Science and Technology, 4: 46-56.
[3]. Ebadati, F., Esmaiili Sary, A. and Reyahi Bakhtyari, A., 2006. Changes in the rate of heavy metals, sediments and aquatic plant in Miyankale wetland. Environmental studies, 37: 53-57.
[4]. Movahed, A. and Zadehdabagh, N., 2010. Evaluation ecological potential of Dez river and Tanzimi Dam to Bandeghir for Ecoturisms. Environmental studies, 55: 13-24.
[5]. Ghaeni, M., Roomiani, L. and Safarkhanlo, L., 2013. Evaluation of the amount of Ar, Hg, Zn and Cu in aquatic plant, Chara SP., Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia and Scirpus bulrush in Dez River. Wetland Ecobiology, 22: 49-58.
[6]. Roomiani, L., Hakimi Mofrad, R. and Jalili, S., 2015. Study of Phytoremediation of aquatic plants of Dez River (Potamogeton crispus), (Ceratophyllum demersum), (Polygonum hydropiper) and (Phragmites australis) for bioaccumulation heavy metals Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu. Wetland Ecobiology, 23: 29-38.
[7] Ali, H., Khan, E. and Anwar Sajad, M., 2013. Phytoremediation of heavy metals- Concepts and applications. Chemosphere, 91: 869-881.
[8] Chen, Y.L., Hong, X.Q., He, H., Luo, H.W., Qian, T.T., Li, R.Z., Jiang, H. and Yu, H.Q., 2014. Biosorption of Cr (VI) by Typha angustifolia: Mechanism and responses to heavy metal stress. Bioresource Technology, 160: 89-92.
[9] Deng, P.Y., Liu, W., Zeng, B.Q., Qiu, Y, K. and LI, S.L., 2013. Sorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by dehydrated powders of aquatic plants. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 10:566-559.
[10] El-Khatib, A., Hegazy, A.K. and Amany, M. and El-Kassem, A., 2014. Bioaccumulation Potential and Physiological Responses of Aquatic Macrophytes to Pb Pollution. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 16: 11-20.
[11] Engin, M.S., Uyanik, A. and Kutbay, H.G., 2013. Accumulation of heavy metals in water, sediments and wetland plants of Kizilirmak Delta (Samsun, Turkey). International Journal of Phytoremediation,17: 223-287.
[12] Fawzy, M.A., Badr, N.E., El-Khatib, A. and Abo-El- Kazem, A., 2012. Heavy metal biomonitoring and phytoremediation potentialities of aquatic macrophytes in River Nile. Environmental and Monitoring and Assessment, 184: 1753-1771.
[13] Hajar, E.W.I., Sulaiman, A.Z.B. and Sakinah, A.M.M., 2014. Assessment of Heavy Metals Tolerance in Leaves, Stems and Flowers of Stevia rebaudiana Plant. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20: 386-393.
[14] Harguinteguy, C.A., Cirelli, A.F. and Pignata, M.L., 2014. Heavy metal accumulation in leaves of aquatic plant Stuckenia filiformis and its relationship with sediment and water in the Suquía River (Argentina). Microchemical Journal, 114:111-118.
[15] Hosseini Al-Hashemi, A.Z., Karbassi, A.R., Hassanzadeh Kiabi, B., Monavari, S.M., Nabavi, S.M.B. and Sekhavatjou, M.S., 2010. Bioaccumulation of trace elements in trophic levels of wetland plants and waterfowl birds. Journal of Biological Trace Element Research, 142: 500-516.
[16] Hoseinizadeh, Gh.R., Azarpour, E., Ziaeidoustan, H., Moradi, M. and Amiri, E., 2011. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals by Hydrophytes of Anzali Wetland (Iran). World Applied Sciences Journal, 12: 1478-1481.
[17] Keskinkan, O., Goksu, M.Z.L., Yuceer, A. and Basibuyuk, M., 2003. Heavy metal adsorption characteristics of a submerged aquatic plant (Myriophyllum spicatum). Process Biochemistry, 39: 179-18.
[18] Ladislas, S., El- Mufleh, A., Gerente, C., Chazareng, F., Andres, Y. and Bechet, B., 2012. Potential of Aquatic Macrophytes as Bioindicators of Heavy Metal Pollution in Urban Storm water Runoff. Journal of water, Air and Soil pollution, 223: 877-888.
[19] Phillips, D.P., Human, L.R.D. and Adams, J.B., 2015. Wetland plants as indicators of heavy metal contamination. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 92: 227-232.
[20] Rai, P.K. 2008. Heavy Metal Pollution in Aquatic Ecosystems and its Phytoremediation using Wetland Plants: An ecosustainable approach. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 10: 133-160.
[21] Sharma, S., Singh, B. and Manchanda, V.K., 2015. Phytoremediation: role of terrestrial plants and aquatic macrophytes in the remediation of radionuclides and heavy metal contaminated soil and water. Journal of Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22: 946-962.
[22] Shukla, D., Kesari, R., Tiwari, M., Dwivedi, S., Tripathi, R.D., Nath, P. and Trivedi, P.K., 2013. Expression of Ceratophyllum demersum phytochelating synthase, CdPCSI, in Escherichia coli and Arabidopsis enhance heavy metal (loid) s accumulation. Journal of Protoplasma, 250: 1263-1272.
[23] Sun, Z., Mou, X., Tong, Ch., Wang, Ch., Xie, Z., Song, H and Lv, Y., 2015. Spatial variations and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in intertidal zone of the Yellow River estuary, China. Catena, 126: 43-52.
[24] Torok, A., Gulyas, Z., Szalai, G., Kocsy, G. and Majdik, C., 2015. Phytoremediation capacity of aquatic plants is associated with the degree of phytochelatin polymerization. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 299: 371-378.
[25] Warne, M.S.J., Heemsbergen, D., Stevens, D., McLaughlin, M., Cozens, G., Whatmuff, M., Broos, K., Barry, G., Bell, M., Nash, D., Pritchard, D. and Penney, N., 2008. Modeling the toxicity of copper and zinc salts to wheat in 14 soils. Journal of Environmental Toxicology Chemistry, 27: 786-792
[26] Wenzel, W.W., 2009. Rhizosphere processes and management in plant- assisted bioremediation (phytoremediation) of soils. Plant Soil, 321: 385-408.
[27] Kumari, M. and Tripathi, B.D., 2015. Efficiency of Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia for heavy metal removal from wastewater. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 112:80-86.
[28] Singh, N.K., Raghubanshi, A.S., Upadhyay, A.K., Rai, U.N., 2016. Arsenic and other heavy metal accumulation in plants and algae growing naturally in contaminated area of West Bengal, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 130:224-233.
[29] Ebrahimi, M., Ghasemi, F. and Pozesh Shirazi, M., 2015. Phytoremediation potential Puccinellia distans in pollution soils by Cd and risk reductionof leaching of Cd to underwaters. Ecohydrology, 2: 201-210.
Volume 3, Issue 1
March 2016
Pages 133-140
  • Receive Date: 26 January 2016
  • Revise Date: 10 May 2016
  • Accept Date: 07 April 2016
  • First Publish Date: 07 April 2016
  • Publish Date: 20 March 2016