Soil bioengineering Methods used in water management and stabilization slopes steep

Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran

2 M.Sc. Student, Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran.


The soil bioengineering is an applied science that it is the composition of structural, biological and environment concepts for soil erosion, Sediment and flood control. Biotechnical engineering techniques rely on biological knowledge to build geotechnical and hydraulic structures and to secure unstable slopes and banks. The largest enhancement in development of new soil bioengineering methods happened in European and 1900s. The recorded document showed that the first documented experiences, including reports and publications, were produced in the areas of the Alps, Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Soil bioengineering is the living plant materials that this use in engineering structures and apply sites treatment with problems including surface soil stability and soil erosion. In this study, some methods of soil bioengineering presented in water management such as Live Pole Drains, Live Silt Fences, Brush Layering, Live Fascine, Live Stake and etc. and Steep slope stabilization such as Wattle Fences, Modified Brush Layers, Brush Layers in a Cut ,Live Cribwall. Techniques such as wattle fences and modified brush layers can use for unstable slope or reducing slope angle and also help in vegetation establishment.


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Volume 4, Issue 1
March 2017
Pages 149-162
  • Receive Date: 21 November 2016
  • Revise Date: 19 December 2016
  • Accept Date: 09 January 2017
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2017