Investigation of relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought in Karkheh watershed

Document Type : Research Article


1 MSc. Graduate of Agricultural Meteorology, Faculty of Desert Studies, Semnan University

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Meteorology, Faculty of Desert Studies, Semnan University

3 Assistant Professor, Department of agricultural Meteorology, Faculty of Natural Resources, Semnan University


Drought is one of the natural disasters which is strongly influenced by climatic fluctuations and makes a set of complex problems in various parts. The current study aims for investigation of time relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought in Karkhe catchment. For this purpose, 26 rain gauge stations and 8 gauging stations were used. In part of research, for understanding delay trends in comparison with precipitation in reality, Pearson correlation coefficient between precipitation and discharge was calculated with different time delays. Two indices (SPI and SDI index) were selected for examining Meteorological drought and hydrological drought. Index values in short term step (1 to 3 months), medium-term (6 months) and long term (12 months) was calculated by DrinC software. The results showed that there is 99% direct significant correlation between precipitation-discharge and two SPI-SDI indices in four steps of time. However, the correlation coefficient is significant for any four time steps, but the value of correlation coefficient  has more delay time in a mood with no delay time compared to other cases. Therefore, we can conclude that drought occurs simultaneously in the catchment Karkhe meteorologically and hydrologically. Also, due to the lack of consistent correlation coefficients and delay time in both cases, two aforementioned indices properly show drought conditions.


Main Subjects

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Volume 4, Issue 3
September 2017
Pages 687-698
  • Receive Date: 30 December 2016
  • Revise Date: 29 April 2017
  • Accept Date: 30 April 2017
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2017