Hydrogeological drought management index (HDMI) as a tool for groundwater resource management under drought conditions (Case Study: Dayyer-Abdan district, Boushehr province)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, College of Natural Resources, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran

2 PhD Candidate, Department of Earth Science, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran


Drought has major negative effects on water resources and its related environments. Sometimes the drought damages are irreparable. Groundwater drought is one of the most important droughts caused by insufficient groundwater recharge. This study aims to evaluate the effect of drought on groundwater resources of  Dayyer-Abdan district, south of Boushehr province. Data and information such as rainfall, groundwater level, well discharge rates and groundwater quality data were used for this purpose. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) and Groundwater Resource Index (GRI) were used to assess the drought situation. A new index called Hydrogeological Drought Management Index (HDMI) is introduced in this research. The HDMI index is a combination of Groundwater Resource Index (GRI), the Modified Standardized Electrical Conductivity Index (MSECI) and Standardized Well Discharge Index (SWDI). Based on the obtained results, average of GRI index is less than -1, indicating a moderate groundwater drought. Groundwater drought also has destroyed the groundwater quality. From the groundwater quality view point (MSECI index), the most critical zone of the aquifer is located in the southern part of the study area. From the aquifer potential view point (SWDI index), the most suitable groundwater zone is in the northern parts of the study area.  The southern parts of the Dayyer-Abdan district (adjacent to the Persian Gulf) have the lowest amounts of HDMI index (less than -4). So  exploitation of groundwater is not recommended in these areas.


Main Subjects

]. Fayabi M, Kalantari N. Evaluation of drought phenomena in Rod e Zard basin, Khuzestan province. 10th seminar on irrigation and evaporation decrease. 2009. [Persian].
[2]. Abdollahi Kh. Assessing the spatial and temporal pattern of meteorological drought in Iran. Available at http://drought.iranhydrology.net.
[3]. Seif M, Mohammadzade H, Sayyad H. Evaluation of drought effect on groundwater resource in Fasa plain using standardized precipitation index and groundwater standardized electrical conductivity. Water Resource Engineering, 2012; 5(13): 55-72. [Persian].
[4]. Mendicino G, Senatore A, Versace P. A Groundwater Resource Index (GRI) for drought monitoring and forecasting in a Mediterranean climate. Journal of Hydrology, 2008; 357: 282-302.
 [5]. Nazemossadat MJ. Is it raining? Drought and excess rainfall in Iran and their relationship with the El Nino-southern oscillation. Shiraz University press, 120 p. [Persian].
[6]. Azizi Gh. Relation between recent drought and groundwater resources in the Qazvin plain. Geographical Reseach Journal, 2003; 35 (46): 131-143 [Persian
[7]. ].Nazemi Sh, Khara H. Investigation on drought effect on diversity, frequency and distribution of benthic fauna in Amirkelaye wetland. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 2005; 14 (3): 141-156 [Persian].
[8]. Shakiba W, Mirbagheri B, Kheiri A. Drought and its impact on groundwater resources in East of Kermanshah province using SPI index. Journal of Geography, 2010; 8(25): 105-124. [Persian].
[9]. Naserzadeh M, Ahmadi E. Meteorological drought indices in assessing the performance of the drought and its zoning in Qazvin. Applied Research of GIS (Geographical Sciences), 2012; 12(27): 141-162. [Persian].
[10]. Chamanpira Gh, Zehtabian Gh, Ahmadi H, Malekian A. Effect of drought on groundwater resources in order to optimize utilization management, case study: Alashtar plain. Watershed Engineering and Management, 2014; 6(1): 10-20 [Persian].
[11]. Khoshhal J, Ghayoor HA, Moradi M. A survey on the impact of groundwater drought in Dehgolan basin, Kurdistan province. Natural Geography Research, 2012; 79: 19-36 [Persian].
[12]. Karami F. Evaluation of Meteorological Drought Effects in the Reduction of Ground Watertable (Case study: Tabriz Plain). Journal of Geography and Planning, 2011; 16(31): 111-131[Persian].
[13]. Aleboali A, Ghazavi R, Sadatinezhad SJ. Study the effects of drought on groundwater resources using SPI index (A case study: Kashan plain). Desert Ecosystem Engineering Journal, 2016; 5(10): 13-22 [Persian].
[14]. Mckee TB, Doesken NJ, Kleist J. The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales. 8th conference of applied climatology, Aneheim. 1993
[15]..Scibek J, Allen DM. Comparing modeled responses of two high-permeability unconfined aquifers to predicted climate change. Global and Planetary Change, 2006; 50: 50-62.
[16]. Khan S, Gabriel HF, Rana T. Standard precipitation index to track drought and assess impact of rainfall on water tables in irrigation areas. Irrigation Drainage System. 2008; 22: 159-177.
[17]. Mair A, Fares A. Influence of groundwater pumping and rainfall spatio-temporal variation of stream flow. Journal of Hydrology. 2010; 393 :287-308.
[18]. Shahid S, Hazarika MK.Groundwater drought in the northwestern district of Bangladesh. Water Resource Management, 2010; 24(10): 1989-2006.
Khan MA, Gadiwala MS. A Study of drought over Sindh (Pakistan) using standardized precipitation index (SPI) 1951 to 2010. Pakistan Journal of Meteorology, 2013; 9(18): 15-22.
[19]. Barkey BL, Bailey RT. Estimating the impact of drought on groundwater resources of the Marshall Islands. Water, 2017; 9 (41): 1-12.
[20]. Boushehr Regional Water Authority. Report of groundwater resource of Boushehr province. 2012. [Persian].
[21]. Bigonah S, Ekhtesasi M, Faryabi M. Evaluation of Drought effect on groundwater resources in Jiroft plain using GRI index. 9th symposium of watershed science and engineering, Yazd University. 2012. [Persian].
Volume 4, Issue 3
September 2017
Pages 737-748
  • Receive Date: 17 January 2017
  • Revise Date: 17 March 2017
  • Accept Date: 19 April 2017
  • First Publish Date: 23 September 2017