Assessment of artificial recharge on aquifer restoring using sustainability index

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. student, Department of water engineering, College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department o of water engineering, College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of water engineering, College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran, Iran


One of the strategies, is conducting artificial recharge, which is required to be evaluated using sustainability indexes in order to quantify the effects. In this research, a new approach is utilized for evaluation of groundwater system sustainability, combining the indexes, reliability, vulnerability and desirability considering the effect of artificial recharge scenario. First, the effect of Shurab Sivjan artificial recharge project on Birjand aquifer is simulated for a nine-year period, projected to 1404 Hijri (2025 Gregorian) with normal climatic condition, using MODFLOW model. Simulation results show that aquifer system sustainability is higher in the downstream parts, where the Khusf observation well is located, justifying by the groundwater recharge flow direction, low difference between optimum and measured groundwater level, and thin saturated thickness with 55 percent. Evaluation of indexes over the aquifer shows that the artificial recharge project could enhance the system sustainability between 21 to 25 percent according to reduce, constant and increment discharge scenarios. The proposed index in this research can be utilized for the other aquifers as well as in decision-making, because of its ability to define in distributed manner and possibility of evaluating the effects of different scenarios.


Main Subjects

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Volume 4, Issue 4
January 2018
Pages 1241-1253
  • Receive Date: 10 May 2017
  • Revise Date: 16 September 2017
  • Accept Date: 16 September 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2017