Identifying and prioritizing of appropriate sites for artificial recharge using Hierarchical Fuzzy TOPSIS (Case study: Fatoieh Plain)

Document Type : Research Article



Nowadays, groundwater depletion and the lack of replace water sources, one of the biggest problems is Nowadays, groundwater depletion and lack of enough water to replace it is one of the biggest problems considered all over the world. To solve this crisis as one of the major solutions, we can consider the artificial recharge of aquifers. Fatoieh plain of Hormozgan province is located in the central city district Bastak. Therefore groundwater is the major and only reliable source of water and due to severe drawdown; it is needed for artificial recharge of ground water aquifer of the region. Therefore, in order to identify areas suitable for artificial recharge some of the indicators consisting of nine hydrogeology and geographic parameters were chosen and presented in the form of maps in GIS environment. Meanwhile, we used fuzzy TOPSIS method and hierarchical fuzzy TOPSIS network analysis combined with GIS to integrate of different information layers and to obtain the most suitable sites for the implementation of artificial recharge of the Fatoieh plain. The results showed good potential for artificial recharge in southern parts of the plain. Meanwhile, the fuzzy TOPSIS network analysis presented better and acceptable results.


Main Subjects

 Alizadeh A. The principles of Applied Hydrology, 13th edition. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi; 2005. [Persian].
[2]. Ravi Shankar MN, Mohan G. A GIS based hydrogeomorphic approach for identification of sitespecific artificial-recharge techniques in the Deccan volcanic province. J. Earth Syst. Sci. 2005. No, 114. pp. 505-514.
[3]. Todd DK, Mays LW. Groundwater hydrology. 3nd, John Wiley and Sons publishers; 2005. P. 636. [4]. Salari S. Solid waste disposal site selection areas suitable for using GIS. M.Sc. thesis. Facutly of water scince Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. 2012. [Persian].
[4]. Sener B, Süzen ML, Doyuran V. Landfill site selection by using geographic information systems. Environmental Geology. 2006. 49 (3):376-388.
[5]. Ghayoumian J, et al. Application of GIS techniques to determine areas most suitable for artificial groundwater recharge in a coastal aquifer in southern Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 2007. 30, 364 -374.
[6] Torfi H. Plain Kharan Feasibility Study of artificial recharge techniques using remote sensing and GIS. M.A. thesis. Faculty of Sciences. Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. 2009. [Persian].
[7]. Karimi E, Zare M, Karimi M, Bahrami Z. Areas suitable of site selection for artificial recharge using GIS and hierarchical analysis method. 1st National symposium on Geology of Iran. Shiraz. 2011. [Persian].
[8]. Sepand S. Feasibility study of artificial recharge in the range of Lali. MSc thesis. Faculty of Sciences. Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. 2008. [Persian].
[9]. Ebrahimi F. Artificial recharge of site selection in the township Shahrood. M.A. thesis. Shahrood University. 2011. [Persian].
[10]. NajafAbadi AM. Areas suitable of site selection for artificial recharge of groundwater in two ways Boolean logic and fuzzy basin Shahrekord plain. M.Sc. thesis. Shahrekord University. 2010. [Persian].
[11]. Bowen WM. AHP: Multiple Criteria Evaluation. In: Klosterman, R, Brail R and Bossard EG, Editor. Spreadsheet Models for Urban and Regional Analysis. New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy Research. 1993. pp. 333-357.
Volume 5, Issue 1
April 2018
Pages 1-10
  • Receive Date: 09 January 2017
  • Revise Date: 04 August 2017
  • Accept Date: 22 June 2017
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2018