Evaluation of irrigation networks in rising of groundwater levels, Behbahan plain case study

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 PhD candidate Hydrogeology, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Faculty of earth sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz,Iran

Abstract

In the past few years, due to inappropriate management of surface and groundwater resource exploitation in the Behbahan plain, the water table has risen and caused to some problems such as the phenomenon of flooding in the urban area. Development of irrigation and drainage networks in a wide zone of the study area is one of the most effective factors causing this phenomenon is. In order to evaluate this, the water level of the observation wells as well as the amount of input water to irrigation networks were investigated in a long-term hydrological period (since 2003-2004 to 2015-2016) in the region. Using these data, the representative hydrograph, the iso-depth contour, iso-piez contour, and fluctuation maps of Behbahan plain were investigated in different parts of it. The results showed that the fluctuations in groundwater level of Behbahan aquifer and its storage depend on the input water from the irrigation networks in the study area. Among the irrigation networks, Boneh-basht irrigation network has more effective role in feeding of Behbahan aquifer and rising groundwater level in comparison with the northern and southern Maroon irrigation networks.

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Main Subjects


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Volume 5, Issue 1
April 2018
Pages 135-148
  • Receive Date: 26 May 2017
  • Revise Date: 08 September 2017
  • Accept Date: 21 November 2017
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2018