Intelligent Water Resource Allocation System to Mitigating Water Shortage Effects in the Reservoir;Case Study: Bukan Reservoir

Document Type : Research Article


urmia university, urmia, iran


Current research presents a systematical water allocation scheme for Bukan reservoir located in the northwest of Iran. In this scheme, the agricultural demands reduced by application of some fallow to satisfy other sector demands, when the system faced with a water scarcity. For this, the monthly water deficit ratio calculated for the historical period of 1995- 2013. To determining water deficit thresholds in the reservoir it classified to five groups by k-means clustering method. For determining the optimized amount of fallow genetic algorithm used to optimize the operation of the reservoir for each crop year from 2007-2013. For assessment of the irrigation efficiency also consideration of the environmental demand effect to the fallow amount, six scenarios are applied. Results revealed that by increasing of irrigation efficiency it needs less fallow. Applying optimized fallow leads to deliver downstream demands at an acceptable level. So increasing irrigation efficiency should be as a priority of water managers.


Main Subjects

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Volume 5, Issue 2
July 2018
Pages 343-355
  • Receive Date: 08 May 2017
  • Revise Date: 05 January 2018
  • Accept Date: 21 December 2017
  • First Publish Date: 22 June 2018