Estimation of daily runoff using of the semi- conceptual rainfall-runoff IHACRES model in the Navrood watershed (a watershed in the Gilan province

Document Type : Research Article


1 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University,Ahvaz, Iran


Due to lack of data, using of rainfall-runoff models with high accuracy that do not need to large amounts of data is an important issue. The IHACRES model is a semi- conceptual rainfall- runoff model. This model does not need to large amounts of data and calculates effective rainfall. Then this model simulates the value of runoff. The case study of this research is the Navrood watershed in the Gilan province. For simulation of rainfall and runoff in this research, IHACRES model utilizes daily flow discharge data in the Kharjgil hydrometric station and daily precipitation and temperature data in the Khalian synoptic station. The Kharjgil hydrometric station locates at outlet of watershed and the Khalian synoptic station locates at center of watershed. The model uses from data of time period 1391 to 1394 for calibration and time period 1387 to 1389 for cross validation. Nash- Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficient (E), mean of total error (BIAS) and average relative parameter error (ARPE) criteria are utilized evaluation of results of model. The value of E is 0.55 and 0.46 for calibration and cross validation respectively. These values show that results of this research are acceptable in comparison with previous researches.


Main Subjects

Goodarzi MR, Zahabiyoun B, Massah Bavani AR, Kamal AR. Performance comparison of three hydrological models SWAT, IHACRES and SIMHYD for the runoff simulation of Gharesou basin. Journal of Water and Irrigation Management (Journal of Agriculture). 2012; 2(1): 25-40. [Persian]
[2]. Ashofteh P, Massah Bouani AR. Impact of climate change on maximum discharges: case study of Aidoghmoush Basin, East Azerbaijan. JWSS - Journal of Water and Soil Science (Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources). 2010; 14(53): 28-38. [Persian]
[3]. Hosseini SH, Ghorbani MA, Massah Bavani A. Raifall-runoff modelling under the climate change condition in order to project future streamflows of sufichay watershed. Journal of Watershed Management Research. 2015; 6(11): 1-14. [Persian]
[4]. Sadeghi SH, Ghasemieh H, Sadatinegad SJ. Performance evaluation of the IHACRES hydrological model in wet areas (case study: Navrud Basin, Gillan). JWSS - Journal of Water and Soil Science (Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources). 2015; 19(73): 73-83. [Persian]
[5]. Nash JE, Sutcliffe JV. River flow forecasting through conceptual models part I—A discussion of principles. J hydrol. 1970; 10(3): 282-290.
[6]. Amiri E, Roudbari Mousavi MM. Evaluation of IHACRES hydrological model for simulation of daily flow (case study Polrood and Shalmanrood rivers). Iranian Journal of Eco Hydrology. 2016; 3(4): 533-543. [Persian]
[7]. Yaghoubi M, Massah Bavani AR. Sensitivity analysis and comparison of capability of three conceptual models HEC-HMS, HBV and IHACRES in simulating continuous rainfall-runoff in semi-arid basins. Journal of the Earth and Space Physics. 2014; 40(2): 153-172. [Persian]
[8]. Dye PJ, Croke BFW. Evaluation of streamflow predictions by the IHACRES rainfall-runoff model in two South African catchments. Environ Modell Softw. 2003; 18(8-9): 705-712.
[9]. Kheirfam H, Mostafazadeh R, Sadeghi SHR. Daily discharge prediction using IHACRES model in some watersheds of Golestan Province. Journal of Watershed Management Research. 2013; 4(7): 114-127. [Persian]
[10]. Dousti M, Shahedi K, Habibnezhad Roshan M, Miryaghoubzade MH. Using IHACRES semi-conceptual model to simulate daily flow (case study: Tamar Basin). Journal of Water and Soil Conservation. 2014; 21(2): 277-292. [Persian]
[11]. Ye W, Bates BC, Viney NR, Sivapalan M, Jakeman AJ. Performance of conceptual rainfall-runoff models in low-yielding ephemeral catchments. Water Resour Res. 1997; 33(1): 153-166. DOI: 10.1029/96WR02840
[12]. Hansen DP, Ye W, Jakeman AJ, Cooke R, Sharma P. Analysis of the effect of rainfall and streamflow data quality and catchment dynamics on streamflow prediction using the rainfall-runoff model IHACRES. Environ Softw. 1996; 11(1-3): 193-202.
[13]. Littlewood IG. Improved unit hydrograph characterisation of the daily flow regime (including low flows) for the River Teifi, Wales: towards better rainfall-streamflow models for regionalisation. Hydrol Earth Syst Sc. 2002; 6(5): 899-911. doi:10.5194/hess-6-899-2002, 2002.
[14]. Littlewood IG, Clarke RT, Collischonn W, Croke BFW. Predicting daily streamflow using rainfall forecasts, a simple loss module and unit hydrographs: Two Brazilian catchments. Environ Modell Softw. 2007; 22(9): 1229-1239.
[15]. Carcano EC, Bartolini P, Muselli M, Piroddi L. Jordan recurrent neural network versus IHACRES in modelling daily streamflows. J hydrol. 2008; 362(3-4): 291-307.
[16]. Croke BFW, Jakeman AJ. A catchment moisture deficit module for the IHACRES rainfall-runoff model. Environ Modell Softw. 2004; 19(1): 1-5.
[17]. Chapman TG. Modelling stream recession flows. Environ Modell Softw. 2003; 18(8-9): 683-692.
[18]. Javeed Y, Apoorva KV. Flow regionalization under limited data availability–application of IHACRES in the Western Ghats. Aquat Procedia. 2015; 4: 933-941.
[19]. Abushandi EH, Merkel BJ. Application of IHACRES rainfall-runoff model to the Wadi Dhuliel arid catchment, Jordan. J Water Clim Change. 2011; 2(1): 56-71. DOI:10.2166/wcc.2011.048
[20]. Abushandi E, Merkel B. Modelling rainfall runoff relations using HEC-HMS and IHACRES for a single rain event in an arid region of Jordan. Water Resour Manag. 2013; 27(7): 2391-2409. DOI: 10.1007/s11269-013-0293-4
[21]. Alredaisy SMAH. Recommending the IHACRES model for water resources assessment and resolving water conflicts in Africa. J Arid Land, 2011; 3(1): 40-48. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1227.2011.00040
[22]. Ghanbarpour MR, Amiri M, Zarei M, Darvari Z. Comparison of stream flow predicted in a forest watershed using different modelling procedures: ARMA, ANN, SWRRB, and IHACRES models. Int J river basin manag. 2012; 10(3): 281-292.
[23]. Jakeman AJ, Hornberger GM. How much complexity is warranted in a rainfall-runoff model? Water Resour Res. 1993; 29(8): 2637–2649. DOI: 10.1029/93WR00877
[24] Xu ZX, Pang JP, Liu CM, Li JY. Assessment of runoff and sediment yield in the Miyun Reservoir catchment by using SWAT model. Hydrol Process. 2009; 23(25): 3619-3630. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7475