Groundwater Quality Assessment of Shush Country for Drinking

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Member, Depatment of Agricultural Technology & Engineering, Payam Noor University, Iran

2 M.Sc graduated, Department of Watershed Management Engineering, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

3 Professor, Dept.of watershed management, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, University Sari, Iran

Abstract

Water quality is one of the most important factors that should be considered when evaluating the development of a region. Underground waters play an important role in the present and future functions and position of Shush country. The quality of the groundwater resources of the study area has not been evaluated so far, thus this study evaluated the groundwater resources quality of Shush country-Khuzestan province. In this study sodium, chloride, sulfate, total soluble solids, acidity, magnesium and calcium as parameters of the resources quality index contained in the World Health Organization's (WHO) guidebook were evaluated. For this purpose, after normalizing the data and plotting of variograms, spatial distribution map of these parameters were provided using Kriging and Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) methods and the results of these methods were compared. The results showed that in all parameters the accuracy of the Kriging method was highest. In the next step, the prepared maps were combined and the groundwater quality map of the study area was prepared based on water quality standards for drinking (WHO). The results showed that 23.67% of the groundwater in the study area was at the optimum level and 15.29% had a quality level for drinking.

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Volume 5, Issue 4
January 2019
Pages 1135-1146
  • Receive Date: 20 April 2018
  • Revise Date: 13 July 2018
  • Accept Date: 16 July 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2018