Flood Survey of Golestan Province in 2018-2019 and Providing Solutions for Its Control and Management in the Future

Document Type : Research Article


1 M.Sc Student of Hydraulic Structures Department, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Hydraulic Structures Department, University of Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Hydraulic Structures Department, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran


Considering the occurrence of damaging flood in the Golestan province in 2018-2019, it is necessary to investigate and analyze the different dimensions of this flood. Therefore, a brief overview of recent floods in Iran was carried out and after the description of the specification of the Gorganroud basin, floods of the Golestan province were reviewed in the last two decades. After describing the reports of floods of 97-98 in the Golestan province, the reasons for the flood were reported according to reports considered by the experts. At the end, comprehensive solutions were made to the conditions of the country, especially Golestan province. Some strategies of the advanced countries in the field of flood management have also been described, which can help to improve our country in this field and in case of appropriate investment and attention. Establishment of an overarching comprehensive flood management system, more attention to watershed management, as well as consideration of the principles of the river bio-engineering, the strict implementation of the limit and the privacy of the bed, and, if necessary, reviewing the relevant laws in order to increase the relevant limits, designing the principles of intersecting structures, rehabilitating and restoring natural habitats and eliminating their aggression and uprising, restoring the pastures in the northern part of the Gorganroud River, considering its historical geography, are among the most essential measures and issues for the prevention and Improved management, precluding the natural transformation of catchment areas and non-systematic actions of instruments to better counteract this phenomenon.


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