Wetland Management Strategies with Emphasis on Water Resources Using, SWOT and WASPAS Models

Document Type : Research Article


1 MSc Student in Natural Resources-Watershed Engineering, Department of Natural Resources Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Associate Professor in Natural Resources Engineering and Geomorphology, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Natural Resources Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Hormozgan , Bandar Abbas, Iran

4 Ph.D. Student of Watershed Science and Engineering, Management of Watersheds, Faculty of Natural Resources, Hormozgan University, Bandar Abbas, Iran


Sustainable management of wetlands, in terms of their terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems composition and characteristics, requires scientific and multi-disciplinary approaches. The purpose of this study was to develop Jazmourian wetland management strategies using multi-criteria decision-making models. This study was an evaluation-analytical study that collected library and documentary data as well as field data. In this study, first, using DPSIR framework, the criteria were developed according to the theoretical framework and then WASPAS method was used to prioritize wetland conservation and restoration management strategies. Then, The Quantitative Strategic Matrix Planning method was used to extract strategies and determine the direction of water resources management strategies. Following on from the IFE and EFE matrices, the internal factors accounted for 0.254 and the external factors of 0.213 which indicates a high aggressive approach to profitability. Results from the WASPAS model for measuring and analyzing hierarchical management strategies indicate that, respectively, conservation of indigenous vegetation units with a weight of 0.403, is the highest priority and at the top of hierarchical analysis, and then public participation in management. Watercourse with weight of 0.373, construction of small dams instead of large dams with weight of 0.321, creation of employment in services and handicrafts with weight of 0.291, cultivation of economically viable plants with weight of 0.223, organizing drilling wells with weight of 0.222, use of treated wastewater for irrigation with weight of 0.221, expanding use of new irrigation systems with weight of 0.220, determination of cost The actual weight of 0.204 in agriculture, greenhouse cultivation and development under cultivation 0.193 and ultimately, the solution is cementing, cover and intubation of streams with weight of 0.146 is the lowest priority.


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Volume 7, Issue 1
April 2020
Pages 165-182
  • Receive Date: 07 October 2019
  • Revise Date: 11 February 2020
  • Accept Date: 11 February 2020
  • First Publish Date: 20 March 2020
  • Publish Date: 20 March 2020