Developing and Comparing Compensatory Multi-Criteria Decision Making Models for the Reservoir-dam Site Selection Based on Sustainable Development Criteria

Document Type : Research Article


1 Professor, Department of irrigation and drainage engineering, Aburaihan Faculty, University of Tehran, Iran

2 PhD, Department of irrigation and drainage engineering, Aburaihan Faculty, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of water engineering, Agriculture Faculty, University of Birjand, Iran

4 PhD candidate, Department of irrigation and drainage engineering, Aburaihan Faculty, University of Tehran, Iran


Unsustainable dam construction causes an imbalance between water resources and environmental sustainability. Thus, it is crucial to observe the principles and criteria of sustainable development in dam construction. In this study, the priority of the construction site of Kandoleh Dam in Kermanshah province was investigated using different techniques of the MCDM including simple additive weighting, compromise programming and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). For this purpose, after determining the appropriate criteria with the help of studies and experts’ opinions, group decision-making was employed to determine the weight of the criteria by measuring the decision-makers’ agreement. Then, the four proposed sites for the Kondoleh dam were ranked based on technical, economic, social, environmental criteria and relevant sub-criteria. Finally, the results were compared. In addition to determining the best site, 17 sub-criteria were also ranked for electing this site, and the sensitivity analysis of the models to evaluate the final ranking the alternatives was carried out. Based on experts’ opinions, the economic criterion was the most important in selecting a suitable site. In all models, the fourth alternative was proposed as the best alternative, and the third, first and second alternatives respectively were placed in the next ranks. The results of the sensitivity analysis of the models illustrated that final ranking of the alternatives does not change due to the variations of the criterion weights. The present study provides a valid and inexpensive approach for decision-makers to identify the best dam construction site to achieve sustainable development goals.


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Volume 7, Issue 3
October 2020
Pages 775-790
  • Receive Date: 10 April 2020
  • Revise Date: 17 August 2020
  • Accept Date: 17 August 2020
  • First Publish Date: 22 September 2020