Assessing the Status of Iran's Policies in the Field of Marine Environment Based on Three Criteria of Efficiency, Coherence and Comprehensiveness

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student in Criminal Law and Criminology, Qom Islamic Azad University, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Qom, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of law, University of Tehran, Iran


From long time ago, human beings have used the seas to continue or optimize their lives and have benefited from the gifts of the seas. The marine environment has a unique position due to its eco-hydrological function, providing a large portion of the world's population food and facilitating trade relations. In this research, 3 criteria are investigated for measuring criminal policy. These criteria include efficiency, coherence and comprehensiveness. The results of the criteria show that, due to the dispersion of laws and lack of integrity of the law, despite the use of human resources and spending money against marine environment crimes, there is no expected efficiency. Iran's criminal policy does not have the necessary coherence and alignment in legislative, judicial, executive and participatory dimensions. Iran's criminal policy on crime detection is relatively good, but it does not work well in terms of accountability. Almost from the beginning to the end of the laws, traditional punishments are monopolized, specifically imprisonment and fines. Criminal policy has stopped in traditional criminal responses and has not approved a new plan to use other criminal, non-criminal and legal responses in the field of ecology and hydrology, so Iran's criminal policy in this regard is lacking in comprehensiveness.


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Volume 7, Issue 3
October 2020
Pages 791-799
  • Receive Date: 03 April 2020
  • Revise Date: 25 August 2020
  • Accept Date: 25 August 2020
  • First Publish Date: 22 September 2020