. H. S. Schiffman, “International Law and the Protection of the Marine Environment,” Int. Sustain. Dev. Law-Volume I, p. 306, 2010.[Persian]
. M. Eslami, “History of piracy and legal restrictions,” Port and Sea, vol. 27, no. 192, 2012. [Persian]
. E. Oveisi, “Investigating the causes of pollution of marine resources in different parts of the world and its causes from the perspective of the environment,” Sixth Conference on Marine Science and Technology. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Center, Tehran, 2005. [Persian]
. M. Mousavi and S. Pourebrahim, “Water quality assessment based on biological monitoring of the Karaj River (Alborz Province) using benthic macroinvertebrates,” J. Anim. Environ., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 335–344, 2019. [Persian]
. A. Khaleghi and H. Rashnavadi, “The Iran Criminal Legislative Policy for the Preservation of Water Resources with Regard to the International Instruments,” Crim. Law, vol. 1, no. 3. [Persian]
. C. J. Vörösmarty et al., “Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7315, p. 555, 2010.
. H. Bahremand and S. Rostami, “Analysis of the Effectiveness of Iran’s Penal Policy in Relation to Water Related Offences,” J. Res. Energy Law Stud., vol. 2, no. 2, 2017. [Persian]
. H. Lotfi and H. Baghae, “Persian Gulf environment and its protection,” Compr. portal Humanit., no. 1, 2010. [Persian]
. H. Akbarpour and M. Akbarpour, “Investigation of environmental crimes with emphasis on the Makran Sea.” National Conference on Makran Coastal Development and Maritime Authority of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2013. [Persian]
. Z. Khodadad, “Review of international regulations in the field of prevention of marine environmental pollution,” The 1st National Conference on Environment, Energy and Biodefense. Mehr Alvand, Tehran, 2013. [Persian]
. S. Sadounzadeh and J. Dehdari, “Legal approach to maritime crime,” 17th Mar. Ind. Conf., 2006. [Persian]
. T. Yousefi and S. Sadeghi, “Investigation of crimes against the environment in the light of Iranian criminal law,” The first national conference on the protection and rehabilitation of wetlands and lakes with emphasis on Zarivar Marivan Lake. Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Marivan, 2015. [Persian]
. A. Azizi, “Investigation of the international legal system for the protection of the marine environment based on the Caspian Sea in the context of pollution,” Compr. portal Humanit. Yar, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 93–108, 2009. [Persian]
. G. A. Banan, “Environment, Human and Prevention of Pollution,” Tehran Natl. Assoc. Conserv. Nat. Resour. Hum. Resour., vol. 2, 1972. [Persian]
. M. J. Janeidi, “Mineral Industries and Environment Pollution,” Tehran Ind. Dev. Renov. Organ., 1973. [Persian]
. F. Douvere, “The importance of marine spatial planning in advancing ecosystem-based sea use management,” Mar. policy, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 762–771, 2008.
. A. Kollmuss and J. Agyeman, “Mind the gap: why do people act environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior?,” Environ. Educ. Res., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 239–260, 2002.
. E. D. Papastavridis, “Crimes at Sea: A Law of the Sea Perspective,” in The Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations, E. D. Papastavridis, Ed. Brill, 1982.
. L. Feldt, P. Roell, and R. D. Thiele, “Maritime security–Perspectives for a comprehensive approach,” ISPSW Strateg. Ser. Focus Def. Int. Secur., vol. 2, 2013.
. A. Nafian, “A critical review of the legislative criminal policy of corruption,” Electron. J. Leg. Res. Qanun Yar, vol. 2019, no. 2. [Persian]
. L. Kriatian and M. Ashouri, An Introduction to Criminal Policy. 2003. [Persian]
. A. Mark, M. Ashouri, and A. Najafi, Social Defense, Ganje Dane. Ganje Danesh, 2012. [Persian] [Persian]
. A. Zeinali and H. Bahrami, Sociology of Punishment. Khorsandi, 1396. [Persian]
. M. Abdollahi and M. Rezvani, “Iran’s legal system and the issue of environmental policy,” Compr. portal Humanit., no. 64, 2012. [Persian]
. M. Ardebili, General Criminal Law (Vol. 1), Mizan. Mizan, 2014. [Persian]