Study of Sustainable Water in Agriculture Sector and Its Relationship with Economics and Management to Use Sustainable Water in Iran

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student in Agricultural Economics (Policy and Development) Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Tehran, Iran


Limited water resources and population growth have made the agricultural sector more in demand than other water-consuming sectors, so today the challenge for the agricultural sector is related to food production using less water. This case study was conducted in the plains of Tehran province in 1397-98 and it is based on the information available in agricultural management of Tehran province. Therefore, the purpose of this survey is to investigate the challenges and factors affecting the sustainability of water resources management. First, we did random sampling from agricultural producers and 110 producers determined based on Cochran's formula as the sample size. The reliability of questionnaire determined between 75%-93% by Cronbach's alpha index with SPSS. Then the appropriate production function called Cobb–Douglas production function is given and using the shepherd theorem, the production cost function and then Demand function for agricultural water has been calculated. The added value of the agricultural sector was considered as a dependent variable and independent variables including economic, social and technical variables. According to the results of the correlation test, there is a significant relationship between sustainable management of water resources and the variables of economic factors and then the views of experts is at the level of 99%. There is no significant relationship between age and background of experts and water sustainability. In other words, these factors are independent of sustainable water management.


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Volume 7, Issue 4
January 2021
Pages 1089-1097
  • Receive Date: 01 September 2020
  • Revise Date: 21 November 2020
  • Accept Date: 21 November 2020
  • First Publish Date: 18 December 2020