Storage Volume and Exploitation Changes of Aquifers in the Eastern Plains of the Kurdistan Province

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Iran

2 Graduate of Water Engineering, Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tabriz, Iran


In the past, exploitation from aquifers was limited due to lack of modern technology. During past three decades, the methods of aquifer discharge have changed gradually so that using modern exploitation systems such as deep and semi-deep wells is very common. Using these kinds of wells, water discharge from aquifers has dramatically increased and the charging level has not been taken into account and, as a result, the groundwater level has been decreasing. In this study, the exploitation status, the storage volume changes as well as the changes of the storage volume of forbidden aquifers such as Qorveh, Dehgolan and Chahardoli were analyzed during the 2017-2018 water year. Accordingly, saturation thickness, with the same depth level and direction maps of groundwater flow in the aquifers were prepared using ArcGIS and then the effects level of each well was calculated through polygon Thiessen. Pysometric heights of the aquifers for different years were calculated by weighted average and unit hydrograph diagrams were drawn for each. Analyzing unit hydrograph diagrams of eastern plains of the province during a 31-year period (1987-2018) indicated that the ground water level has a decreasing trend. The calculation of ground water balance of the aquifers indicated that the cumulative deficits for Qorveh, Dehgolan and Chahardoli aquifers were 2, 17.4 and 2.98 MCM respectively, so the balance is negative. Generally, exploitation is forbidden in eastern plains in Kurdistan and much efforts should be done specifically by farmers. Nonetheless, the storage has encountered cumulative deficit by 22.2 mcm.


[1]. Zarei A, Abed kopaei J, Mrofpour E. Locating areas prone to groundwater recharge through runoff control (Case study of Qorveh-Kurdistan plain). 6th National Conference on Water Resources Management of Iran.2016; 1-3 May 2016. [Persian]
[2]. Qobadi Alamdari Sh, Asghari Moghadam A. Determining the water balance of Dehloran plain aquifer. 6th National Conference on Water Resources Management of Iran.2016; 1-3 May 2016. [Persian]
[3]. Arest M, Shojaei S. Investigation and determination of groundwater balance of Qom plain free aquifer. 5th Iranian Water Resources Management Conference, Shahid Beheshti University; 2012. [Persian]
[4]. Poormohammadi S, Taqi Dastorani M, Jafari H, Rahimian M.H, Goodarzi M, Mesmarian Z, et al. Investigation of groundwater balance in Tuserkan plain of Hmaedan using MODFLOW. Journal of Eco Hydrology. 2015; 2(4): 371-382. [Persian]
[5]. Mesmarian Z, Massahbavan A, Javadipirbazari S. Climatechange impact on Groundwater budgetof ShahreKord plain in the future period. Iranian Journal of ECO Hydrology.2016; 3(2): 233-242. [Persian]
[6]. khoshhal J, Ghauor H A, moradi M. A Survey on the Impact of Groundwater Drought in Dehgolan Basin, Kurdistan Province. Physical Geography Research Quarterly. 2011; 44(79): 19-36. [Persian]
[7]. Mafakheri O, Khaledi Sh, Shamsipour A.A, Kermani A. Drought analysis using NDVI index in Qorveh and Dehgolan plains. Journal of Applied Research in Geographical Sciences. 2015; 41(16): 94-77. [Persian]
[8]. Solimani F, Kolahchi A, Arsham H. Investigating the effect of climate change on the balance and groundwater level of Ramhormoz plain. Journal of Watershed Management Extension and Development. 2017; 5(17). [Persian]
[9]. Faryabi M, Kalantari N, Chitsazan M, Rahimi M H. Groundwater Balance as a Tool for Water Resources Management, Case Study: Baghmalek Plain, Khuzestan Province. 3th Iranian Water Resources Management Conference, University of Tabriz; 2017. [Persian]
[10]. Jabari P, Qanbarpour M R, Ashabeh A R. Evaluation and determination of groundwater balance of Sari-Neka plain free aquifer. 5th National Conference on Watershed Management Science and Engineering of Iran (Sustainable Management of Natural Disasters), Iran-Karaj Watershed Management Association; 2008. [Persian]
[11]. Jafarzadeh A, Khashei A, Shahidi A. Impact assessment of climate change on groundwater table using of balance conceptual model (Case study: Birjand Plain). Journal management system. 2019; 12(41): 1-16. [Persian]
[12]. Shokri G. Study of groundwater balance in order to provide appropriate management solutions (Case study: Dasht-e Aleshtar), Master Thesis;2013. P.1. [Persian]
[13]. Poormohammadi S. Taqi Dastorani M. Jafari H. Hassan Rahimian M. Goodarzi M. Mesmarian Z. Baqeri F.
[14]. Moseki M C. Climate change impacts on groundwater: literature review. Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation. 2017; 2(1): 16-20.
[15]. Maimoona R. Jin-Yong L. Kideok D K. Estimation of quantitative spatial and temporal distribution for groundwater storage in agricultural basin of Korea: implications for rational water use. Environmental Earth Sciences. 2019; 75(5):169.
[16]. Rostami S, Nakhea M, Khodaee K. The effect of artificial nutrition on the groundwater potential of Qorveh-Kurdistan plain. The first conference on applied research in Iranian water resources;2010. [Persian]
Volume 8, Issue 1
April 2021
Pages 57-72
  • Receive Date: 26 June 2020
  • Revise Date: 30 December 2020
  • Accept Date: 30 December 2020
  • First Publish Date: 08 March 2021