Explaining Water Behavior in the Formation of Birjand Horticulture Based on Quantitative Modeling

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Arts, University of Isfahan, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Arts, Birjand University, Iran


Water is one of the main elements in the formation of gardens and the way of its presence and movement has a special system. In different types of Iranian gardens, water takes different forms. In this regard, the present study was conducted to explain the behavior of water in the formation of the Birjand horticultural system based on quantitative modeling. Method: The present study is applied in terms of its purpose and deductive in terms of the method used and its strategy. Therefore, the statistical population of the study consisted of 247 people, including members of committees and experts in the field of architecture, of which 150 members of committees and experts in the field of architecture were selected using Morgan and Georgian table as the sample size. Data collection tools were also researcher-made questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using Spss software version 25 and the KMO test. Results: The results of data analysis showed that not only water is important in the view of architects in the Birjand horticultural system, but also water (in terms of process, functional and environmental dimensions) can make the audience rise and mobilize psychological pleasure in the gardening system (P <0.05). Conclusions and Suggestions: According to the obtained results, it is suggested that organizations such as a municipality, cultural heritage, and the like revive the identity of traditional and original Iranian architecture for the next generation in the design of urban parks, tourist complexes, and tourism, design of spatial elements and squares and use the spatial patterns obtained in this research along with other researches.


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Volume 8, Issue 1
April 2021
Pages 295-305
  • Receive Date: 20 November 2020
  • Revise Date: 28 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 28 February 2021
  • First Publish Date: 14 March 2021