Investigating the impact of dam construction on the eco-hydrological parameters of rivers (Jajrud River - downstream of Latian Dam)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Irrigation and Reclamation Engineering, University of Tehran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Irrigation and Reclamation Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Irrigation and Reclamation Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran



Sustainable river management requires the construction and operation of dams that provide environmental flows to support downstream rivers ecosystem. Dam construction in Iran has significantly altered natural flow regimes and caused various environmental issues. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the hydrologic and environmental alteration of the flow regime in the Jajrud River downstream of the Latian Dam. In this study, a set of long-term flow data (1947-2017) was analyze using the IHA and RVA models. The results show that the degree of alterations for the 24 flow variables is in the range of high to medium, denoting the high hydrological alterations of the Jajrud River. The values of mean, maximum and minimum monthly flows have decreased by 57, 94 and 21 percent, respectively. The overall change is 51%. Magnitude and duration of annual extreme flows have decreased, and in particular, the minimum flows and the base-flow indices have changed the most. The large flood events has been eliminated and small and frequent floods has been damped in the downstream river system. The results indicate that the goals of RVA have not been achieved in the post-construction period of the Latian Dam, and the environmental conditions of the river have been severely damaged. With reference to the eco-hydrological indices, the rehabilitation of the environment status of the Jajrud River requires the dam releases of minimum monthly flows in order of 2.3 to 33.8 m3/s, with an average annual discharge of 6.5 m3/s.


Main Subjects

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Volume 9, Issue 4
January 2023
Pages 797-814
  • Receive Date: 18 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 19 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 19 December 2022
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2022