Investigation of groundwater level changes using particle filtering algorithm based on satellite data absorption (case study: Khorasan Jonoubi)

Document Type : Research Article


1 MSc candidate of water and hydraulic structures, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran



In the past decades, due to excessive extraction of underground water resources, decrease in rainfall and increase in air temperature, the level of underground water has decreased drastically. According to previous researches, Iran has 130 billion cubic meters of underground water resources; but in the last 20 and six years, renewable water resources have decreased to 110 and less than 100 billion cubic meters, respectively. Therefore, the issue of underground water level changes and the prediction it, is of particular importance. Therefore, in this research, a model was developed to predict these changes using the data absorption algorithm. In addition, a deep learning model was also developed as a competing model to compare the results of the proposed model with it. South Khorasan province was selected as a case study for modeling. The comparison between the proposed model and the competing model showed that the proposed model has a very high prediction ability and its accuracy is close to the accuracy of the competitor model. Based on this evaluation, for the proposed model and the competing model, (R2) was equal to 0.91 and 0.95, and the root mean square error (RMSE) was equal to 0.18 and 0.20, respectively. Also, explicit presentation of equations and parameters of the model along with providing uncertainties and a confidence interval are other advantages of proposed model that can provide a wide future for data absorption algorithms. Meanwhile, machine learning and deep learning models, that are widely used today, do not provide such benefits.


Main Subjects

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