Determining the best discharge-suspended sediment relationship based on different time classifications and correction coefficients (Case study: Bashar River)

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 Graduated Student in Water Structures, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Khuzestan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Water Engineering, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Khuzestan, Iran

10.22059/ije.2023.356861.1719

Abstract

Using complex hydraulic equations to estimate river sedimentation requires a lot of data that is not available in many rivers. Therefore, simpler equations such as the Sediment rating curve (SRC) are used to estimate river sediment load. In some cases, rating curves are not accurate enough. To solve this problem, applying correction coefficients and temporal classification of discharge and sediment data based on the different factors. The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effect of different correction methods and data classification to increase the accuracy of SRC in the Bashar river, southwest of Iran. The models were examined by 7 statistical criteria. The results showed that any temporal classification of the data increases the accuracy of sediment estimation and applying monthly and seasonal models, on average, increased the accuracy of estimates by 36 and 61 percent. Although using the middle of the classes model had 70% more points than the annual model. However, using the FAO correction method caused a 22% decrease in the accuracy of the estimates. In general, despite the positive effect of climatic, hydrological and vegetation models on increasing the accuracy of SRC, by 35, 28 and 20%, respectively, none of the models were superior. The results confirmed that the production and transfer of suspended sediment in the river are influenced by various factors such as climatic factors and especially the presence of vegetation. Paying attention to these changes in the use of discharge-sediment equations increases the accuracy of SRCs.

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Main Subjects


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