بررسی تأثیرات خشکسالی دریاچۀ ارومیه بر تغییرات پایداری سکونتگاه‏های روستایی مطالعۀ موردی: روستاهای حوضۀ آبخیز قلعه‌چایی شهرستان عجب‏شیر

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموختۀ دکتر‌ی جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه بناب

2 استادیار گروه محیط‌زیست دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز

چکیده

رویکرد پایداری به عنوانِ چارچوبی کارآمد برای مدیریت روستایی در برابر انواع مخاطرات محیطی از جمله خشکسالی محسوب می‏شود که نیازمند به‏کارگیری فنون سنجش پایداری است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی وضعیت پایداری روستاهای حوضۀ آبخیز قلعه‌چایی شهرستان عجب‏شیر در برابر خشک شدن دریاچۀ ارومیه صورت پذیرفته است. پژوهش از نوع کاربردی بوده و روش گردآوری اطلاعات به صورت کتابخانه‏ای و میدانی بوده است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر را 21185 نفر ساکن در 21 روستای این محدوده تشکیل داده است. حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 380 نفر و به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده است. یافته‏های پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از مدل بارومتر پایداری نشان داد از نظر پایداری زیست‏محیطی روستاهای بررسی‌شده طی سال‏های 1385 تا 1390 با کاهش پایداری برابر با 146/0- مواجه شدند و از نظر پایداری اجتماعی و پایداری اقتصادی به‌ترتیب افزایش نسبی 132/0 و 055/0 را تجربه کردند. در نهایت، روستای جوان‌قلعه با سطح پایداری 742/0 به عنوان پایدارترین روستا طی 15 سال اخیر بوده است و سپس روستاهای قوزولجه (666/0) و ینگجه (657/0) قرار دارند. همچنین، روستاهای چنار، محمودآباد و گنبد به عنوان ناپایدارترین روستاهای 15 سال اخیر بوده‏اند. یافته‏های آزمون کندال نشان داد بین موقعیت قرارگیری روستاها به دریاچۀ ارومیه از نظر دوری و نزدیکی با میزان پایداری آنها همبستگی مثبت و معناداری در سطح 577/0r= وجود دارد. در نهایت، با توجه به یافته‏های پژوهش حاضر، پیشنهادهای کاربردی در زمینۀ مقابله با خشکسالی و ارتقای وضعیت پایداری روستاها ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Drought Effects of Lake Urmia on Sustainable Development of Rural Settlements Case study: villages in Qaleh Chay watershed, Ajbashir county

نویسندگان [English]

  • علی مجنونی توتاخانه 1
  • Mohammad Ebrahim Ramazani 2
1 university of Bonab
2 Assistant Professor of Environmental Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch
چکیده [English]

Sustainability is considered as an effective framework for managing rural areas against a variety of environmental hazards, including droughts, which require the use of sustainable sustainability techniques. The purpose of this study was to assess the stability of the villages of Qaleh Chaie watershed in Ajabshir city against the drying of Lake Urmia. The research was applied and the information gathering method was library and field research. The statistical population of the study is 21185 people living in 21 villages in this area. The sample size was 380 using Cochran formula and was selected by simple random sampling method. The findings of the study, using the Barometric Model of Sustainability, showed that the environmental sustainability of the villages in the years 2005 to 2017 was exposed with a sustained reduction of -0.146. From the viewpoint of social sustainability and economic sustainability, they experienced a relative increase of 0.132 and 0.055 respectively. Finally, the Javan Qaleh village with a sustainability level of 0.742 has been the most stable village over the past 15 years and then the villages of Qajuldeh (0.666) and Yengeje (0.657) are located. Also, the villages of Chenar, Mahmoudabad and Gonbad have been the most volatile villages in the last 15 years. Also, Kendall's findings showed that there is a positive and significant correlation between the location of villages in Lake Urmia in terms of distance and proximity to their sustainability level at the level of r = 0.577.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sustainability
  • Drought
  • Lake Urmia
  • Ghale Chay Catchment area
  • Sustainability Barometer
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