نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری منابع آب، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند
2 استادیار دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه بیرجند
3 دانشجوی دکتری منابع آب، دانشکدۀ علوم آب، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز
4 دانشجوی دکتری آبخیزداری، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه کاشان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Prediction the river flow discharge values are important in the surface water resources management. Find an appropriate model to accurately predictionof this parameter is one of the most important ways to simulation and prediction. In this study three ANFIS, SVM and GP models were evaluated and compared to modeling the monthly flow discharge of Nazloochi River in Tapik hydrometric station that located in western of Urmia Lake based on precipitation of river basin. All the methods listed in M1 to M5 data flow patterns with a delay of 1 to 5 M6 to M10 and patterns of precipitation and discharge data combined with delays of one to five months were studied.To investigate the value of modeling’s error three coefficient of determination, root mean square error and effectiveness criteria tests were used. The results of evaluation the accuracy and error values of models indicated that the combined pattern has better results only in SVM model and in GP and ANFIS models the ones series patterns presented the better results. Among the three studied models, ANFIS model with 4 and 5 delays input patterns presented the best results. Overall the results indicated that with adoption of ANFIS model to modeling the monthly river flow in Nazloochai River, error values were decreased about 23 and 3 percentages respectively in GP and SVM models and accuracy of modeling compared to GP and SVM models were increased about 10 and 4 percent respectively.
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