تعیین نواحی احتمالی تخلیه آب زیرزمینی زیردریایی به سواحل خلیج فارس در استان بوشهر با استفاده از نقشه ناهنجاری دمایی استاندارد

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم و مهندسی آبخیزداری، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج

3 استاد، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج

4 دکتری هیدروژئولوژی، مشاور خصوصی، امیرآباد، آبادان

چکیده

تخلیۀ آب زیرزمینی زیردریایی هرگونه جریان زیرسطحی آب است که از خشکی به طرف دریا وجود دارد. شناسایی نواحی دارای این جریان اهمیت بسیار زیادی در مطالعات هیدرولوژیک و اکولوژیک دارد. به‌منظور تعیین نواحی احتمالی تخلیۀ آب زیرزمینی به خلیج فارس در سواحل استان بوشهر، ابتدا با استفاده از نرم‏افزار ENVI® 5.3 و GIS10.3.1 و اعمال تصحیحات لازم (اتمسفریک، رادیومتریک، هندسی) بر داده‏های حرارتی باند 10 لندست 8، نقشۀ دمای سطح دریا (SST) تهیه شده و نقشۀ ناهنجاری دمایی استاندارد (STA) از آن استخراج شد. سپس با تعیین کمترین سطح مشترک ناهنجاری دمایی طی سال‌های 2015 و 2016 ‌در سواحل استان بوشهر، نواحی احتمالی تخلیۀ آب زیرزمینی زیردریایی به خلیج فارس مشخص شد. نتایج نشان می‏دهد در محدودۀ ساحلی بندر مقام تا کنگان، کنگان تا رودخانۀ مند، رودخانۀ مند تا جزیرۀ شیف، بندرگاه تا گناوه و بندر ریگ تا هندیجان، به‌ترتیب‌ 2823، 4165، 6159، 4725 و 4445 هکتار سطح احتمالی تخلیۀ آب زیرزمینی زیردریایی وجود دارد. این سطح در کل سواحل استان بوشهر 22317 هکتار است که به خلیج فارس تخلیه می‏شود؛ به‌طوری که مهم‌ترین و بیشترین سطح تخلیۀ احتمالی در خلیج نایبند، محدودۀ دوپلنگو و خور خان، شرق و غرب شهر بوشهر (بندرگاه و شیف) و سواحل هندیجان مشاهده شد. سطح تعیین‌شده می‏تواند نشان‏دهندۀ وجود جریان شایان توجهی از تخلیۀ احتمالی آب زیرزمینی به خلیج فارس در سواحل استان بوشهر باشد. بنابراین، ضروری است با بررسی‏های تفضیلی‏تر و استفاده از روش‏های کمّی‏سازی، مقدار آن را به‌طور دقیق برآورد کرد.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of submarine groundwater discharge probable areas into the Persian Gulf on coastlines of Bushehr Province using standard thermal anomaly map

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Farzin 1
  • Aliakbar Nazari Samani 2
  • Sadat Feiznia 3
  • Gholam Abbas Kazemi 4
1 PhD Student in Watershed Management Science and Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Associate Professor, College of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Professor, College of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
4 Hydro- geologist, Private Consultant, Unit 7, Block 45, Amir Abad, Abadan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Submarine Groundwater Discharge (SGD) is defined as any water subsurface flow from the land into the sea. Recognizing the area having this flow is very important for hydrologic and ecologic studies. For determination of Submarine Groundwater Discharge Probable Areas into the Persian Gulf on Coastlines of Bushehr Province, at first, required corrections (atmospheric, radiometric, and geometric) were made on the obtained thermal band 10 data of Landsat 8 during 2015 and 2016 across the study area using ENVI® 5.3 software. Then, by mapping sea surface temperature (SST) and standard temperature anomaly (STA) and thus determining the minimum shared area of thermal anomalies during 2015 and 2016 by GIS10.3.1 software, SGD probable areas into the Persian Gulf on Bushehr Province coastlines was recognized and mapped. The results show that there are SGD probable areas on Bandar Mogham to Kangan, Kangan to Mond River, Mond River to Shif Island, Bandargah to Ganaveh, and Bandar Rig to Hendijan coastlines with, respectively, 2823, 4165, 6159, 4725, and 4445 hectares. This area on coastlines of Bushehr Province is 22317 hectares discharging into the Persian Gulf that may suppose an impressive flow. Therefore, it is necessary to survey more details and use quantification methods for estimating the precise rate.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Submarine groundwater discharge
  • standard thermal anomaly
  • Persian Gulf
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