شناسایی و تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت بهره‌برداران در اقدامات بیولوژیکی حوضۀ آبخیز سجادرود، استان مازندران

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مرتع‌داری، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مرتع‌داری، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

3 دانش‌آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مرتع‌داری، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

چکیده

‌امروزه، تلاش برای احیای مراتع با مشارکت بهره‌برداران در چارچوب طرح‌های مرتع‏داری به عنوان یک برنامۀ مدون مدیریتی گامی ضروری به منظور توسعۀ پایدار است. اجرای برنامه‌های مدیریتی و اصلاحی در مراتع بدون مشارکت بهره‌برداران امکان‌پذیر نیست. بنابراین، در مطالعۀ حاضر عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت بهره‌برداران در اجرای طرح‌ها و عملکرد اجرای عملیات بیولوژیک در مراتع ییلاقی حوضۀ آبخیز سجادرود بابل بررسی شده است. به این منظور، تحقیق در دو بخش مطالعۀ کیفی (پرسشنامه‌ای) و کمّی (میدانی) در شش سامان دارای طرح مرتع‏داری و فاقد آن انجام شد. بخش پرسشنامه‌ای با بررسی 34 شاخص از 117 بهره‌بردار و با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی بررسی شد. بخش کمّی به منظور بررسی و مقایسۀ میزان اثربخشی طرح‌ها در برآورد و مقایسۀ تولید علوفه و پوشش تاجی در عرف‌ها انجام شد. به‏منظور اطمینان از انسجام درونی متغیرها و مناسب‌بودن آنها برای آزمون تحلیل عاملی، از آزمون KMO و بارتلت استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد بعد از اجرای عملیات بیولوژیک، تولید در کل سامان‌های عرفی بهبود یافت، ولی اختلاف تولید علوفه در سامان‌های دارای طرح و فاقد طرح معنا‌دار نشد. همچنین، مقدار آمارۀ KMO، 781/0 و آمارۀ بارتلت نیز 23/81 با سطح معنا‏داری 99 درصد بوده است. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از تحلیل عاملی نشان داد عوامل اقتصادی، اجتماعی، زیست‏محیطی و اجرایی 68/81 درصد از تغییرات ‌مشارکت‌نکردن بهره‌برداران در اقدامات بیولوژیکیرا تبیین کردند. عوامل اجرایی و اجتماعی به‌ترتیب با 64/35 و 88/7درصد از کل میزان تغییرات، بیشترین و کمترین عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت بهره‌برداران در اجرای طرح‌ها بودند. با توجه به آنکه تأثیرگذارترین عامل در مشارکت بهره‌برداران عامل اجرایی شناخته شد، پیشنهاد می‌شود به منظور موفقیت در عملیات بیولوژیک انجام‌شده و موفقیت در اثربخشی مطلوب آنها، شیوۀ مدیریت اصلاح و نظارت بر اجرای طرح‌ها صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and Analysis of Effective Factors in Stakeholders Participation in Biological Treatment of Sjadroud Watershed basin, Mazandaran Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shafagh Rastgar 1
  • ronak Ahmadi 2
  • Hossein Ahmadi 3
1 Sari university of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
2 Natural resources Dep, Range management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
3 Mazandaran Province Natural Resources Office
چکیده [English]

Today, rehabilitation of rangelands in terms of range management plans is an important step towards sustainable development. It seems that managing any rehabilitation program in rangelands will not be successful without participating the stakeholders. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing participation of stakeholders in range management plans and evaluate the performance of biological operations in terms of range management plans in summer rangeland of Sjadrud watershed basin. For this reason, research had done in two parts; qualitative research (questionnaire) and quantitative (field operation) in 6 saman with or without range management plan. The questionnaire was conducted 117 stockholders, 34 indicators using factor analysis. Quantitative part evaluated for investigating the effectiveness of biological treatments in estimating and comparing forage production and canopy cover in the sites. In order to ensure the integrity of the variables and their suitability for factor analysis, KMO and Bartlet tests were used. Results showed that after carrying out biological operations production had increased in total sites. But the difference was not significant. KMO coefficient were 0.781 and Bartlet coefficient were 81.23 with 99 percentage meaningful level. results showed that economic, social, environmental and executive factors determined 81.68 percentage of stakeholder's participation in biological treatments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vegetation restoration
  • Socio-economic factor
  • Environmental factor
  • Executive factor
  • factor analysis
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