عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering the occurrence of a devastating flood this year in the Khuzestan province, it is important to study and rotate the various aspects of this flood. The flood was the result of severe, extensive and simultaneous rainfall in the basins, and it was predicted to be at least 10 days before the incident. The floods have caused extensive waterlogging of cities, villages, roads, railways and agricultural lands, and long-term damage to all sectors, including oil and energy, transportation and commerce, and industry and agriculture. After reviewing the different aspects of the floods, it was found that the main problem in the flood intensification was the lack confidence of the flood management authorities in the predictions and results of the simulations related to the floods and the use of all capacities of the reservoirs to control this phenomenon. So establishment of an overarching comprehensive flood management and control system, attention to watershed management and aquaculture, attention to the principles of bio-river engineering, establishing strict rules for compliance with the boundary of the river bed and, if necessary, reviewing the relevant law to increase the limits, principal review and design of intersecting structures, rehabilitation of watercourses and eliminating violations against them, getting enough information and comprehensive area identification, increasing the capacity of dams and preventing storage capacity reduction, more precise management and control of basins with multiple dams, embedding flood alert systems in flood plain areas and performing basic measures is one of the most urgent undertakings to prevent, improve and control this natural disaster.