تبیین رفتار آب در شکل‌گیری نظام باغ سازی بیرجند مبتنی بر مدل‌سازی کمی

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری‏، گروه معماری، دانشکدۀ هنر و معماری، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکدۀ هنر و معماری، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

3 استادیار پژوهش هنر، دانشکدۀ هنر، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 استادیار دانشکدۀ هنر، گروه صنایع دستی، دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

آب از اصلی‏ترین و حیاتی‏ترین عناصر در شکل‏گیری باغ‏ است که شیوۀ حضور و حرکت آن، نظام خاصی دارد و در گونه‏های متفاوت باغ ایرانی، شکل‌های مختلفی به خود می‏گیرد. به این منظور، پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین رفتار آب در شکل‏گیری نظام باغ‌سازی بیرجند مبتنی بر مدل‏سازی کمی انجام شد. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف، کاربردی و از لحاظ روش استفاده‌شده، فلسفۀ زیربنایی آن اثبات‏گرایی، قیاسی و استراتژی آن، پیمایشی بود. بنابراین، جامعۀ آماری پژوهش از 247 نفر شامل اعضای کمیته‏ها و متخصصان حوزۀ معماری تشکیل شد که از این بین، 150 نفر از اعضای کمیته‏ها و متخصصان حوزۀ معماری با استفاده از جدول مورگان و گرجسی به عنوان حجم نمونه، انتخاب و مطالعه شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‏ها نیز پرسشنامه‏های محقق‏ساخته بود. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‏ها با استفاده از نرم‏افزار Spssنسخۀ 25 ‌و همچنین، آزمون KMO انجام شد. نتایج تحلیل داده‏ها نشان داد نه تنها آب در نگاه معماران در نظام باغ‌سازی بیرجند اهمیت دارد، بلکه (به لحاظ ابعاد فرایندی، عملکردی و محیطی) می‏تواند مخاطبان را به خیزش و تحرک لذت روحی‌ـ روانی در نظام باغ‌سازی وادار سازد (05/0> P). با توجه به نتایج، پیشنهاد می‏شود سازمان‏هایی مانند شهرداری و میراث فرهنگی برای احیای هویت معماری سنتی و اصیل ایرانی برای نسل آینده در طراحی پارک‏های شهری، مجموعه‏های توریستی و گردشگری، طراحی المان‏های فضایی و میادین از الگوهای فضایی حاصل در پژوهش حاضر در کنار سایر پژوهش‏ها استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining water behavior in the formation of Birjand horticulture based on quantitative modeling

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammd shabani 1
  • Reza Mirzaei 2
  • farhad khosravi 3
  • mohamad reza kalil nejad 4
1 PhD Student, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Art Research, Faculty of Art, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran Community Verified icon
4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Handicrafts, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

Water is one of the main elements in the formation of the garden, the way of its presence and movement has a special system and in different types of Iranian garden, it takes different forms. present study was conducted to explain the behavior of water in the formation of Birjand horticultural system based on quantitative modeling. Method: study was purpose and deductive in terms of the method used and its strategy. the statistical population of the study consisted of 247 people, including members of committees and experts in the field of architecture, of which 150 members of committees and experts in the field of architecture using Morgan and Georgian table as the sample size was selected. And were studied. Data collection tools were also researcher-made questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using Spss software version 25 and KMO test. Results: The results of data analysis showed that not only water is important in the view of architects in Birjand horticultural system, but also water (in terms of process, functional and environmental dimensions) can make the audience rise and mobilize psychological pleasure in Force the gardening system (P <0.05). Conclusions and Suggestions: According to the obtained results, it is suggested that organizations such as municipality, cultural heritage, etc. to revive the identity of traditional and original Iranian architecture for the next generation in the design of urban parks, tourist complexes and tourism, Design of spatial elements and squares Use the spatial patterns obtained in this research along with other researches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water Behavior
  • Birjand Gardening System
  • Quantitative Modeling of Gardening System
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